Here are photographs of 1:1200 scale warships scratch-built by James D. Gray. First is the Royal Navy battleship HMS Hood, which is one of the final designs of the turret ship concept. The barbette design finally became the standard design for battleships, first with open guns and then with armored gun-houses that were then called turrets. Also from the Royal Navy is a selection of pre-1900 British destroyers, which were only slightly larger than the torpedo boats, which they were designed to catch. The major nemesis for the Royal Navy during this period, as with the prior 200 years, was the navy of France. Mr. Gray has two delightful battleships from the Marine Nationale of La Belle France, Hoche, as built, and Jaureguiberry.

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